In Priene excavation and research work is carried out by the German Archaeological Institute. Presence BC Our knowledge about the first establishment of the city that dates back to the 2nd millennium is still based on assumptions.
During the Hellenistic period the city was under the rule of Ptolemaic and Seleucid Kingdoms and the Kingdom of Pergamum.
B.C. King of Pergamum in 133 After Attalus’ death, he voluntarily added the lands to Rome, and thus Priene fell under Roman rule. Byzantine period city bishop. Finds proves that settlement continues until the collapse of the Empire. At the end of this period, Priene was completely abandoned.
Priene is the most beautiful example of old city planning
The city was built with the “grid system” developed by the Hippodamus, the master architect. The side streets of the city, which is usually 3.5 meters wide, are ladders because of the slope of the land. Other public and public buildings often cover a block and are located in the city center.
These include the Temple of Athena (4th century BC), the theater, the Agora, the Temple of Zeus Olympos, Bouleuterion (150 BC), 2 Gymnasion and Demeter sanctuaries, which are very well preserved. The city has three gates, one in the west and the other two in the east. Priene’s main entrance gate, the “East Gate”, is located to the north-east of the Theater Street, which can be reached after a long slope made of stone pavement.