It is one of the provinces that constitute 81 provinces in Turkey. It is located in the Upper Euphrates Department of Eastern Anatolia Region. It is the most advanced city in the region. It was first established during the Hittite period. It has changed from day to day today and has been rebuilt to daylight.
Malatya is known as the apricot field. Apricots grown in the world are famous all over the world and apricot gardens provide 80% of apricot production in Malatya Plain.
The name of Malatya is called Melita in Kültepe tablets and "Maldia" in Hitit tablets. Malatya is derived from the word of Melid, which means Hittite honey.
Strabon from the ancient geographers, Malatya, although not precisely stated, was one of the ten governorships of the Kingdom of Cappadocia (280-212 BC) on the Komagene border.
Battal Gazinin, a member of one of the Oghuz's descendants, is the father of the horse. Turks and Kurds in the region have always lived together. The local people have been enriched by the apricot trade. It is one of the safest places in Turkey.
Early Period: Malatya was the sea 5 million years ago. Hittites BC At the beginning of the year 2000, they began to rule in this region.
B.C. In the 1750s, King of the Anzac, Anitta, gathered Anatolia under a single administration and provided political unity and incorporated Malatya into this union. II. Murphy, Muvattalli and III. During the Hattushid times, Malatya remained attached to the Hittite center.
Malatya entered the Assyrian rule during the reign of Assyrian King Sanherib (705 BC-681 BC), but later became the dominion of Med and Persians.
B.C. After the capture of Anatolia by Macedonian King Alexander IV in the 4th century, Malatya was influenced by Hellenistic cultures. After this date, Malatya has been under the rule of Medlarin, Persians, Romans, Byzantines and Seljuks respectively.
Ottoman Period: Malatya, which had been under Ottoman rule since 1515, became a province with the Republic (with the 89th article of Constitution of 20 April 1924) while it was affiliated to Harput Province. The first mayor after the province was Hasan Derinkök, the last Ottoman bei named after Hasanbey Caddesi.
Republican period: Malatya province in 1927-1931; Adıyaman, Kahta, Arapkir, Akçadağ, Hekimhan, Pütürge and Kemaliye (Eğin) were the districts. The total population is 258,331 and the central population is 56,528 together with the villagers. Governor Mehmet Tevfik Bey, mayor Mehmet Naim Karaköylü was. The municipal building was at the Emir Ahmedoglu Han.
There were branches of the Republican People's Party, the Turkish Hottie, the Turkish Air Agency and the Red Crescent in the city.
Geographical Location: Malatya is located in the western part of the Eastern Anatolian region. It is surrounded by Elazig (98 km) and Diyarbakir (251 km) in the east, Adıyaman (185 km) in the south, Kahramanmaraş (219 km) in the west, Sivas (245 km) and Erzincan (363 km) in the north.
The main rivers are Sogutlu Stream, Morhamam Stream, Kuruçay, Tohma Suyu, Sultansuyu, Sürgü Suyu, Beylerderesi, Mamıhan and Şiro Çayı, while the main mountains in the province are Malatya Mountains, Nurhak Mountains, Akçababa Mountains and Yama Mountains.
In addition, the magnificent view of Beydağları, that extension adds a distinct beauty to the city. It is also a buffer zone between the provinces, Central Anatolia, Mediterranean, Eastern Anatolia and Southeastern Anatolia.
Malatya is the second largest fault zone in terms of earthquake zone. The resultant earthquakes frequently occur when the region is exposed to a mountainous and dynamic ground motion. In other words, it is shaped like a curved land. Altitude from Malatya's sea level is 960 meters.
Terrestrial climate conditions prevail in Malatya. Though very tough winter months are experienced before, the dams built in recent years due to the potential of water in Malatya have softened the climate in the whole province very much.
Rivers and Lakes: Orduzu-Pınarbaşı is famous for its lakes; Picnic and recreation center. In addition, a large part of the Euphrates passes through the east of Malatya. The Şiro River of the Pütürge district is also famous for its rivers and is known for its river fauna.
Vegetation cover: 54% of Malatya province soil is covered with meadow and meralar, 31% is covered with cultivated and planted land. The forest is small, the forest area is 10%. The wide Malatya Plain is in the view of the steppe. Streams are covered with apricot gardens that stretch like forests. Most of them are found in Malatya Taurus and juniper trees on valley slopes. Platos are rich in meadow.
Malatya Alluvial Soils: These are the young soils that form on the stored materials carried by rivers. The vegetation cover on them is tender. They are fertile and fertile soils for cultivating all kinds of cultivated plants that can comply with the climate.
Alluvial soils stretch along the Euphrates River and the Tohma River in the province of Malatya. The total area is 20,236 hectares. Of these, 19,703 hectares are first class, 442 hectares are poorly drained and second class, 95 hectares are badly drained third grade land.
Malatya Basaltic Soils: These soils are usually medium or shallow. They are heavy clayey soils and the profiles are not well developed. In Malatya these lands are located to the west and south of Kürecik Buca and between Arapgir and Arguvan. With 75.080 hectares, 26% of the Basaltic lands, which occupy 6.1% of the land, are suitable for soil cultivation. 66% is in the center.
Malatya is the most economically developed region of the region. The economy is mainly based on apricots. Many apricot factories in Malatya provide employment. Besides, the textile factories are the lifeblood of the economy. There are two organized industrial zones in Malatya, and infrastructure tender for the third organized industrial zone has been completed. [Citation needed] In addition, some large companies have invested in the region under the Malatya incentive package. This is an example of a nuclear medicine factory that is under construction by Eczacıbaşı  In addition, small businesses located in industrial sites in Malatya also give life to the Malatya economy. Inonu University has been influential in the growth of the city and trade. There are more than one hydroelectric power plants in Malatya. One of them is at Karakaya Dam.
Culture and Art
Malatya is an important cultural and arts center for the region. The museum and the post-opening shopping center have contributed greatly to this. In addition, the opening of state tiyaros, the opening of the cultural and congress center, has changed the culture and art of Malatya to a significant extent.
Cameram: There is a mosque in the center of Malatya with a history of about 500 years. The name of the new mosque has been restored in recent years. Another mosque is the Grand Mosque.
Museums: Malatya Museum of Archeology: foundation 7 March 1971
Archaeological Sites: Arslantepe Höyüğü (located in Orduzu municipality borders): an ancient residential area, first archaeological researches carried out by the French in 1932. This area is planned to be an open air museum. Aslantepe Höyüğü is one of the first settlement regions established in the world and today it has hosted the twelve civilizations.