It is a country located in Central Anatolia Region, Black Sea Region and Eastern Anatolia Region of Turkey. Sivas province, Mesopotamia and between the caravans passed through the region, the Seljuk period, visited by traders has become a center. Sivas is the province where the Seljuks are mostly located after Konya in our country. The 13th century Gök Madrasa, Double Minaret Madrasa and Blue Madrassas are places worth seeing in terms of tile art. The Great Mosque was built in 1100. In addition, Sivas is the second largest city in terms of Turkey's surface area. The total population is 642.224 and the central population is 318.488.
Kızılırmak, which was born in Sivas Kızıldağ, Yeşilırmak, which was born from Kose Mountain, and Karasu River which is one of the most important branches of Euphrates, which was born from Kose Mountain, are born within the boundaries of Sivas province. Sivas is geographically barren, green, with a hard climate. Products that can be grown to the extent that the climate can afford, such as grain products, sugar beets, potatoes.
The foundation of the Turkish War of Independence was laid, decorated with the gigantic works of the Seljuk period and is the second place after Konya in terms of surface area. Most of the Sivas ili land is in the Upper Kızılırmak section of Central Anatolia and the other parts are in the Black Sea and Eastern Anatolian regions and between 35 ° 50 'and 38 ° 14' east longitudes and 38 ° 32 'and 40 ° 16' north latitudes. Giresun, Ordu and Tokat from the north; Eastern Erzincan; South from Malatya, Kahramanmaraş, Kayseri; It is surrounded by Yozgat ills from the west. Traffic number is 58.
It's between three valleys. The great majority of the people of Sivas are Turkmens who settled in the region at various times. Caucasian immigrants are also available. Kızılırmak Basin; The city of Central Anatolia, Yeşilırmak; The Black Sea and the Euphrates Basin are connected to the Eastern Anatolia climate. These three are water, three ways, three different cultures.
The Kelkit valley from the north, the Kuruçay valley and the Yaman Mountain which is the extension of the Köse Mountains in the east, the Kulmaç Mountain in the south, Tahtalı Mountains in the south, Mount Hezanlı, Karababa in the west, Akdaglar and Incebel Mountains.
35 degrees-50 minutes and 38 degrees-14 minutes with the eastern longitudes, 38 degrees-32 minutes and 40 degrees-16 minutes between the northern latitudes, 28,488 km2 area with the territory of Turkey with the second largest province of Sivas province soil Most of it goes to Kızılırmak and the other part goes to Yeşilırmak and Fırat basins.
The provincial area is surrounded by natural borders like Kelkit Valley from the north, Köse Mountains from the east, Kuruçay Valley and Yama Mountain from the south, Kulmaç Mountains from the south, Tahtalı Mountains and Mount Hezanlı from the west, Karababa, Akdağlar and Uzunbelel Mountains from the west. Kızılırmak, Kelkit Stream, Tozanlı Stream, Stars Stream, Çallı Stream and Tohma Stream are the most important streams.
Slug-Gemerek Ovası. Yildizi (Bedehdun) Plain, Susehri Plain, Tohma Valley, Kızılırmak Valley. Çallı Suyu Valley and Kelkit Valley are the five most important agriculture and important ones that determine transportation.
In Sivas province, predominantly the form of the earth is platolar, 47.6% of the province is covered with platelets, 46.2% is covered with mountains and 6.2% is covered with plains. Uzunyayla is the largest plat of Sivas. Moreover, the Merakum Plateau, which has richer pastures compared to Uzunyayla, is also a rare highland of the province.
Sivas province, which is a region where the North Anatolian Mountains and the Southern Anatolian Mountains come closer to each other, some parts have collapsed during the twisting and rising. These depressed areas constituted the lakes of the major water centers of the province. Hafik Lake, Tödürge Lake, Lota Lakes, Gürün - Gökpınar Lake are some of these lakes.
The name of the city is the ancient name of the city, Sebastia, which has evolved into a Turkic language. The name Sebastia also means honorable, supreme in Yunanca, the Latin equivalent of Augustus in Greek. This is the name of the city founded by Pontus and named after him for the honor of the Roman Emperor Augustus.
According to the reports among the people, there were three springs boiling under the great trees before Sivas was established. Thank God for this spring, he expressed his gratitude to parents and children and compassion for little ones. These three springs are called "Sipas Water". Over time, a small settlement center was established on these three springs, considered sacred, and the name "Sipas" was given. According to another narrative, the name of Sivas is called "Sibasipler" from the ancient tribes. In the early ages Sivas was named after Talavra, Megalapolis, Karana and Diyapolis.
According to another narrative about the name of Sivas, the name of the city comes from the word "Sebast" which means "three mills" in Persian language; The name Sebast was established as Sivas in the language of the time. Sivas name is formed in this way
Places to be seen: Sivas cold çermik, 19 km from the city center. It is at the entrance of Başıbüyük Village and the water temperature is 28 degrees. Accommodation facilities as well as tents are mostly set up. The surrounding spa area has an interesting topography and vegetation cover. When you drink hot spring water, it is good for stomach, intestinal and gall bladder diseases.
Sivas hot çermik, Sivas Yıldızlı road is approximately 24 km away from Sivas and can be reached by public transportation.
Gürün-Gökpınar, Gökpınar Lake, where the water is very clean and clear, is 10 km to Gürün. Away. The lake is famous for its natural beauties and trout; It is nourished by the sources coming from the bottom. Gökpınar, which has every color of turquoise and blue green colors, is a world famous wonder of nature.
Kangal fish çermik, 96 km from Sivas. , 13 km from the center of Kangal district. It is possible to arrive at the mosque every hour by public transportation intercourse. Kangal Balıklı Kaplıca; Our country has its own place in the thermal springs. The spa, which is unable to find a similarity in the world due to its therapeutic nature, exhibits a scientific and medical miracle by "treating the psoriasis".
The Divriği Grand Mosque is located in the center of Sivas Divrigi. Divrigi Grand Mosque and Daru'ş-heif, this unique work was made by Mengücek Bey's Ahmet Şah in the period of the principals of Mengücek Sons (1228) and Şifahane's Melike Turan, the wife of Ahmet Shah. It is shown as a 8th wonder and protected.
The Congress Museum is a magnificent building where the 4th of September Zivas Congress was held on 4 September 1919 with the foundations of the Republic of Turkey. It is currently being used as a museum and many personal items of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk and many historical monuments from Seljuk and Ottoman times are exhibited in the museum. The museum is in the city square