Giresun is a city known for its hazelnut and is located in the Black Sea Region. Giresun province, where cherry and hazelnut are spread all over the world, is located between Black Sea, Trabzon, Gümüşhane, Erzincan, Sivas and Ordu in Eastern Black Sea Region. Traffic number is 28. The majority of indigenous people are Turkmen Çepni. In the Ottoman Tahrir Books of the 1500s, the locality Vilayet-i Çepni is also called.
Giresun province is an army of the personal guards (Topal Osman and Armed Friends) of Büyük Atatürk during the period following his departure to Samsun on 19 May 1919. The city is located on a peninsula extending to the sea between the Aksu and the Bathed valleys, just opposite the Giresun Island (Aretias), the only island of the Black Sea. Giresun province was adhered to Trabzon province until 1920, it was independent in this date and became a province in 1923. In 1923, Giresun province, central Tirebolu and the province of Suleyman and Bulancak, Keşap and Espiye were connected to them. In 1933, Şebinkarahisar and Alucra districts were connected to Giresun with the abolition of Şebinkarahisar's province. With the establishment of Bulancak in 1934, Keşap in 1945, Espiye in 1957, Dereli in 1958, Eynesil in 1960, Piraziz and Yağlıdere in 1987 and Çanakçı, Güce, Doğankent and Çamoluk in 1992, the number of districts has been 15.
Giresun was established as a Miletus colony. The Greek name "Kerasus" was used as the "Cerasus" in the later Roman rule. [Citation needed] It is said that the name may have come from Kerasus, commander of the "Cherry Field" or Spartacus rebellion due to wild cherry trees.
Giresun was conquered by Süleyman Bey, son of Emir Turkoman beyi, in 1397 and turned into TURKISH NATIONALITY. In Old Turks the name was Vilayet-i Çepni. Vilayet-i Çepni in the south Gümüşhane / Koyulhisar, Gürgentepe; East of Besikduzu Abdal Musa (Sis) mountain range, the Kurdish line is the area spreading to inner parts. It is stated that the Çepnis from the Turkmen lakes may have been sent here from Horasan to provide security for the Silk Road of the historical Silk Road, the silver mines around the Kurdish region and the harbors.
Giresun Çepnileri makamı Güvendi yayblasıyla Güvenç Abdal Hadrat were the followers of the Greeksun center, from 1397 to the Turkish land and the enemy occupation has not seen.
Origin of the Name
There are three rumors about the origin of Giresun's name. First of the stories; It comes from the word "kerasus". According to the first narrative, this name came from the cherries grown in abundance in "Kerasus". According to the second narrative; Giresun is built on a peninsula extending towards the sea. This half-figure looks like a horn. That is why it derives from "Keras" which means horn in Greek. The third rumor is that the famous Roman General Kerasus, who suppressed the Spartacist uprising,
Traditions and Customs Since the people of the region have begun to relocate to the big cities, the old traditions have kept the way to leave at least. However, the vast majority belong to old Turkmen customs. These traditions and customs are mostly based on ancient rumors. Each year, March 14th is held annually. He wakes up early that morning, takes water from the sea or river, comes home and crosses the threshold with his right foot and enters the house. The water is spread all over the house. If there are animals, they will spread on them. On that day no one will accept guests as if they are ominous at home, but if someone is tried, they are called to that house. The incoming person throws your right foot in. If your new year is good, I break your martin and say that the house is cooked with nettles or pegs. This is the person who comes to the mouth of the bead, who starts to add that person, is considered to be abundant in the family. Again, the 14th of March is held on the day. March 14th, March 15th, April 16th, May etc. Month. Opinions are made about how the months will pass according to the weather conditions in those days.
On 5-6 May Hidrellez, the old Turkmen tradition, is kept. It is believed today that Khidr and Elijah come together and the winter is over and the beautiful days will come, and celebrations are held on the high peaks near the Göktanrı. In the evening, 3-5 young girls intend to bless the rings of a rose tree. In the morning they read mania and take them out. They call the luck according to the meaning of said maninin. In Ramadan, the children make a group called "Dımbılçı" and say the songs and play the gates of the houses and collect the presents after iftard ...
Talks in funerals are taught in the 40th and 52nd days of prayer. In the old times, the lamps of the wealthy and happy people were burnt at the beginning of the first 3 or 7 days ...
In many places of the city there are places of holy hats. Wishes are kept in the places where the wishes are kept, the sickness heals, the troubles are searched for ... The fire is sacred, water does not spill. Water is sacred, not polluted.
Giresun has a rough appearance in terms of the forms of the earth and the mountains, the valleys and the steep coasts take up a great deal of space. The Giresun Mountains, which stretch along the coast of the Black Sea and cover the coastal strips of fairly narrow and low plains and the Kelkit Creek Valley in the south, bring the roof of the city's forms to the water. The average elevation of these mountains, rising 50-60 km from the coast and parallel to the shore, is 2000 meters.
The most important elevations of the Giresun Mountains exceeding 3000m in some places are Abdal Musa Tepesi (3,331 m), Akılbaba 3300, Cankurtaran Tepesi (3,278 m), Gavur Mountain Tepesi (3,067 m), Küçükkor Tepesi (3,044 m), Karagöl Karataş Hill (3.107 m) and Kırkkızlar Tepesi (3.040 m) on the mountains. On these mountains rising parallel to the shore, the transportation between the coast and the inner parts is provided by the martyrs (2,350 m), Eğribel (2,200 m) passages, Kurtbeni Mevkii (1760 m) and the highlands.
The average altitude in the southern part of Şebinkarahisar, Alucra and Güce, which is less rugged, is about 1000-1500 meters and the land is inclined towards Kelkit Valley.
The mountains surrounding Giresun's southern slopes down north and south to form flatlands in certain places. There are many plateaus in these plains at the height of 1750-2200 meters. These springs on the Giresun Mountains are the Kumbet, Kulakkaya, Bektaş, Tamdere, Karagöl, Eğribel, Pakakeli, Çakrak, Paşakonağı, Karaovacık and Sisdağı springs. There are plateau festivals in which the town of Espiye has been organized.