Eskisehir is one of the first cities in Turkey to have signed many firsts, clean streets, people who speak properly, is one of the first cities to come to mind in terms of civilized life and at the same time the majority of the population is from the Balkan countries (Romania, Bulgaria, former Yugoslavia, An immigrant city built by immigrants from countries.The social structure is somewhat similar to Ankara, but it is more appropriate to say that Ankara is a somewhat diminished state, a typical republican city, with extremely polite and polite people living in this city, but in fact you can only appreciate its value when you leave there It is a nostugal european image when it is well taken care of the houses and streets and at the same time the student city is not the old city but it is the new city which brings many innovations to my country in every respect ... it is one of the cities that develops rapidly in industrial and commercial terms. If we will look at the geographical position Eskisehir,
It is located on the north-western part of the Central Anatolia region with a population of approximately 600,000, the Black Sea in the north, the Marmara in the northwest, the Aegean regions in the Aegean region in the west and the Aegean regions in the southwest. The territory of the province is 13,652 kilometers. The city is a very old settlement center. The first settlement point of the region is Dorylaion . Eskişehir is also called because it is very old. It is understood from the information provided by the artefacts of the archaeological studies, that Eskisehir and its region are an old settlement which reached to 3000 years before the beginning of the millennium. It is seen that Eskisehir 's preciousness and place due to the Hittites passing over Anatolia in 2000 before Milat was Eti (Principality).
After 1200 BC, the Phrygians entered Anatolia and Eskişehir was founded as a Phrygian city with the name of Dorylaion. After the Phrygians, the city was dominated by the Lydians and Persians in 546 BC. In 334, Eskisehir passed the hand of Alexander the Great, the date of Alexander the Great's death. Until 323, he lived the Hellenistic period. It is understood from the historical documents that the Greeks (Greek Cypriots) came to Anatolia in this period, in masses. B.C. Eskisehir, which was ruled by the Romans in 190, remained in the administration of the Roman Empire and then the Byzantines until the division of Rome into two after 395 BC. During the Great Seljuk empire, many Turkish dwellers from the east began to settle in Eastern Anatolia, benefiting from the weakness of the Byzantines. In fact, all the Anatolian gates were opened to the Turks after Alparslan, the Seljuk ruler, won the Battle of Malazgirt in 1071. The Turkish armies who were advancing rapidly took Eskişehir in 1074. After that, Eskisehir was a settlement point for the continually coming from the east.
Eskisehir was the scene of bloody wars between the Anatolian Seljuks and the Crusaders. Eskişehir was a Seljuk city from the foundation of Anatolian Seljuks to the fall of Seljuks. The historical monuments of the Anatolian Seljuks are seen in Sivrihisar, the center of the extremity in that period. Osman Bey, the founder of the Ottoman Empire, became the last of the tribal rulers with the ferman sent by Anatolian Seljuk Sultan Sultan Mesut in 1284. Osman Bey became stronger day after day, and he added Eskişehir and İnönü to the field of domination in 1289. In the early days of the Ottoman Empire, since the state was one of the centers of establishment, close attention was paid to Eskişehir, but there was not much interest in the periods of Pause and Decline. For this reason, Eskisehir has not developed until recently.
However, after 1877-1878 Ottoman - Russian war, the city started to become crowded with the refugees. The real development of Eskisehir started after the railway was opened to operation. Eskisehir, one of the few centers of Turkey today, remained attached to Ankara until the early days of Fatih. After 1451, when Kütahya became Beylerbeylik, there was a change in the Anatolian Administrative Organization, while Eskişehir, which is connected to Ankara, was connected to Kütahya Beylerbeyliğine. After 1841, the administrative tributary was changed to Eskişehir, Hüdavendigar province which is in the center of Bursa and it was administered by the District Governor until 1925. The city, which has developed rapidly in recent years, is a point where the green climate like Bursa is merged with the desolate climate like Ankara. After the declaration of the Republic, Sanjak and mutasarities were built on provincial lands in 1925. In 1926, there were three counties of Eskişehir, Sivrihisar, Mihallıçcık and Seyitgazi, then Çifteler, Mahmudiye and Sarıcakaya became counties and Eskisehir The county became 6, and finally Alpu, Beylikova, Günyüzü, Han and Mihalgazi became districts and thus the number of districts increased to 12.
The province of Eskisehir covers the basins of Sakarya River, Porsuk and Sarısu Streams. The basins tend to slope towards the sea. For this reason, the rivers formed very large flats by stacking the materials they carry from the high parts of the basins to the low cuts. The share of the springs in the province total area is around 26 percent. In Eskisehir, a normal topography consisting of plains and mountains surrounding the plains of the plains is seen, the important valleys on the east are Sakarya and Porsuk valleys. Porsuk Plain starts from Kütahya province border and runs along the bed of the Porsuk Brook in the northeast direction. After Eskişehir city center, it goes east and continues until Ankara city border. In Eskisehir province, the sprawling areas are on the eastern extensions of Turkmen Mountain and on Bozdag and Sündiken Mountains. The Sivrihisar Mountains, which separate the Porsuk and Sakarya Basins from each other, also have floodplains. The province of Eskisehir is mostly covered with platos and mountains. Plants form a very small fraction of 0.6 percent of the province's territory.