It is on the Mediterranean coast south of Turkey. Mersin is the third largest city after Adana and Antalya in the Mediterranean Region, and the 8th Greatest City in Turkey.
General information: Many layers were unearthed in the excavations made at the Yumuktepe mound in the north of the city. The oldest of them is dated to 6300 BC and the newest to the Seljuk period. Works excavated from the excavations are exhibited at Adana Archeology Museum and Mersin Museum.
Mersin's appearance on the stage of history dates back to the mid-19th century. The region, which is still a village in this period, is home to a migrant Turkmen tribe and its name comes from this tribe. In the meantime, the Greeks from the Cappadocia region dominated the city population and in 1850 1,650 Muslims live in the city.
The destiny of the city has changed, in particular, to cotton production in the Cukurova region in order to eliminate the world's cotton shortage during the American Civil War and the linkage of the region to the railway network in 1866. During this period, Mersin rapidly became a port and trade center where agricultural products of Çukurova were exported.
Even if the city is in its present state and there are minorities at this moment, the Christian Levantine can not be denied its importance. The city still has two cathedrals of the Levantine, the Latin-Italian Cathedral and the Arab-Orthodox Cathedral.
It is also on the agenda to build a church for the Greeks in the north of the city ...
Today Mersin: Thanks to the GAP Project, Atas Refinery and its wide hinterland, Mersin Port is the biggest port in Turkey. Eight of the 27 scaffolds in the harbor are connected to each other by a rail system. The capacity of Mersin Port, which has been renewed since the 1991 Gulf War, has been increased by 10% every year for the last three years.
Considering the commercial importance of the city, one of the four Free Zones of Turkey was established here. Mersin Free Zone, which is established on an area of 785.000 sqm, is home to some 300 companies, mainly textile companies ... In addition, there are many important factories operating in sectors such as glass, soda, fertilizer, textile, fruit juice on Mersin-Adana highway It is the third city where the Mersin State Opera and Ballet is located, where "the third highest skyscraper of Turkey" (Mertim Tower: 177 meters) is located.
The provinces of Mersin: Anamur, Aydıncık, Bozyazı, Çamlıyayla, Erdemli, Gülnar, Mut, Silifke, Tarsus, Akdeniz, Mezitli, Toroslar, and Yenişehir dir.
According to 2010 data, the province population is 1.647.899  and the Mersin central population is 843.429 .
Mersin province is one of the most important figures of Turkey as a population. When we examined the DIE 2000 General Census data, the population of Mersin province in which the Tarsus county in the table is connected increased continuously between 1927-2000. Population has continuously increased between the lowest population growth years in Mersin.
The lowest population growth in Mersin is 10.7% among the years, and the highest population growth is 40.6 between 1985 and 1990. The annual population growth rate in Mersin province between 1990 and 2000 is 26.5%. Here, annual rate of population growth of Mersin province is seen to decrease.
87% of the province's surface area is mountainous.
The highest peak: Medetsiz Hill (3.524 m)
Important transitions: Sertavul, Gülek Straits
Berdan Stream (90 km)
Göksu (299 km)
The main plains and surface areas in the province are as follows:
Tarsus Plain has 105.000 hectares,
Berdan Plain has 70.000 hectares,
Anamur Plaster is 9,900 hectares.
Mersin province lies between 36-37 ° north latitudes and 33-35 ° east longitudes. The provincial land border is 608 km, the sea border is 321 km and the surface area is 15953 km². A large part of the province of Mersin is composed of quite high, rough and rocky western and central Taurus Mountains. Plain and slightly inclined areas have developed in the province center where these mountains extend to the sea, Tarsus, Silifke. Apart from this, flat or slightly inclined areas are seen in the mountains in the north or in high sections.
Central Taurus Mountains distinguish Mersin province from Central Anatolia Region. The highest section within the Mersin provincial borders is Medetsiz Tepesi (3599 m) in the Bolkar Mountains. Elevations are decreasing from north to northwest, and to the south. From the Bolkar Mountains, towards the west, Mount Clumpet (2473 m), Elmadağ (2160 m), Alamusa Mountain (2013 m), Büyük Eğri Mountain (2025 m), Kızıldağ (2960 m), Naldöken Mountain (1754 m) (1675 m) are significantly upgraded. Mount Karadagis, Tol Mountain, Sunturas Mountain, Balkali, Ayvagediği, Makam Tepesi and Kaşkaya Tepesi are other important heights extending to the south. It connects Mersin with the Gülek Boğazı (1250 m) from the north and the Sertavul Pass (90 m) to the Central Anatolia from the northwest.
In the upper parts of the Taurus Mountains, various levels were formed due to the effects of faults, streams, atmospheric conditions and faults in the region. The height of these plains varies between 700-1500 m.
In the upper parts of the Taurus Mountains, various levels were formed due to the effects of faults, streams, atmospheric conditions and faults in the region. The height of these plains is 700-1500 m. Lt; / RTI & gt;
The main platters are:
Aslanköy, Gözne, Fındıkpınarı, Soğucak, Bekirlandi, Mihrican, Ayvagediği and Güzelyayla
Namrun (Çamlıyayla), Gülek and Sebil
Sorgun, Küçük Sorgun, Toros, Küçükfındıklı and Güzeloluk; Silifke: Balandız, Uzuncaburç, Gökbelen and Körobasi
Ebony, Halkalı, Kaş and Beşoluk; Bozyazı: Elmagözü and Kozağaç;
Gülnar: Bardat, Tersakan and Bolyaran; Mut: Kozlar, Nail, Dağpazarı, Söğütözü and Sertavul Plateau.
A large part of the plains located around Mersin and its surroundings are formed by the rivers in the southern skirts of the Taurus Mountains and the sediments carried by the slope of the slope. These areas, which are very suitable for harvesting, extend from Mersin-Adana border to Silifke, in the form of strips parallel to the mountains. Depending on the settlement areas; Yenice, Tarsus Mersin, Erdemli and Silifke Plains. The western extension of Çukurova, which is the most mümbit oval of our country, is located on the coast. Apart from these, on the skirts of the mountains, Aydıncık, Anamur and Bozyazı plains have developed on separate small plains. Plain areas around Mut district between the mountains were developed under the influence of the Göksu River.
The two biggest rivers of Mersin province are Göksu River and Tarsus (Berdan) Stream. Apart from this, there are many small tea and creeks poured into the Mediterranean. Some of those; In Mersin: Mezitli Deresi, Tece Deresi, Müftü (Efrenk) Deresi, Deliçay Deresi; At Anamur: Dragos Stream, Sultan Stream, Melleç Stream; In Aydıncik: Violet, Gözsüzce Stream; In Bozyazı: Siniçay Stream, Aksaz Stream; In Erdemli: Alata Stream is Lamos Stream.
Natural lakes in the province of Mersin; In Silifke: Akgöl, Lake Keklik, Lake of Paradeniz; In Gülnar: Stallion Lake, Barred Lake, Long Show. In addition to these, there are Gezende and Berdan Dam Lakes in the region and numerous ponds for irrigation purposes.
Believe There are two centers that are important in terms of tourism. The first one is from the Apostles of Jesus. Paul's House and Well in Tarsus was declared a Place of Hajj by the Vatican. Azize Aya Tekla (Meryemlik) (Meryemlik), which is considered to be the place of Hajj in the early Christian period which is important in the other Muslim and Christian world and which is located in Silifke / Taşucu, is important in Mary's life but it is written in the Gencir which is never found. Religious visit centers. Tarsus Ashab-i Kehf Cave, which is one of the most important places of religious importance, is also within the provincial borders.
The findings of the excavations in the Yumuktepe höyük, which is located in the central districts of the Taurus Mountains, It goes up to 6300s.
Main places to be seen in terms of historical and tourist attractions; Alahan Monastery (Mut), Kravga Bridge, Kizkalesi, Yumuktepe, Kanlıdivane (Neapolis), Anamurium Ruins, Viransehir (Soli), Tarsus - St. St. Paul Church, Silifke-Uzuncaburç, Karaduvar, Ayaş, Namrun Castle (Lampron) Alacahan) Monastery, Narlıkuyu, Temple of Zeus (Jupiter), Celestial Hell Caves, Cukurpinar Cave, Korikos Castle, Mamure Castle, Aslanköy Rock Tombs, Adam Rocks, Tarsus-Ulu Mosque, Tarsus-Eski Mosque and Büyükceli Kaya Tombs.
Pirate Lokman Doctors are living in Tarsus. At the same time, it is narrated about Şahmeran, the sultan of snakes. She falls in love with the king's daughter, and one of her witches tells the princess that she will come to the hammam and if she wants to see her, she will take her secretly to a room in the bath. Sahmeran is a little suspicious, but the eye of love dims and goes. He is murdered there.
The old bath in Tarsus is still standing and it is believed that the belly of the umbilicus is the blood of the sahmer.
Historical, cultural and natural beauty spots: Eshab-ı Kehf Cave, Heaven and Hell Obstructures, Cleopatra Gate, Gümüşkum, Çamdüzü, Erdemli Çamlığı, Pullu, Karaekşi, Karabucak and Bahçeyeri Forest Recreation Areas, Narlıkuyu Cave, Susanoğlu, Anamur, Meydancık, Kız Kalesi, Silifke Fortress, Soli, Alahan Monastery, Haghia Thekla Basilica, Uzuncaburç, Akkale, Gözlükule Settlements, Pompeiopolis, Tarsos, Neopolis, Krykos, Kilindria, Selevkeia and Anemurion , Tarsus Mosque, Lal Agha Mosque, Erdemli, Silifke, Tarsus and Narlıkuyu Mosaic Museums.
Mersin International Port is the most important and busiest harbor in Turkey thanks to the GAP Project, Atas Refinery and the wide hinterland it has passed through.
Kentta Glass Industry, Kromsan, Coca Cola beverage industry, Berdan Textile, Cukurova Textile and Paşabahçe, as well as ATAŞ Refinery and Interfon Barcode Systems Ltd. Shit. It stands out.
Mersin free zone, Turkey's largest Free Zone, is home to 300 companies established here. Nearly 150 companies operate in Mersin-Tarsus Organize Sanayi Bölgesi. The operator is MESBAŞ.
It is the most important domestic tourism center of Turkey. In recent years, the appointments made in tourism and the new beaches that are built on the shore are the way to become a new tourism region of Turkey.
In order to develop the yacht tourism, 500 yacht mooring and 300 yacht mooring capacity Mersin Main Yacht Harbor in compliance with international standards have been completed and are going to be tendered.
Mersin is a city with geographical logistics center. In addition to the existing port, railway transportation, Mersin is an important point in road transport.
Mersin Metropolitan Municipality, International Transporters Association and Mersin Governorate in partnership with Mersin Logistics Center is about to complete the work.
Mersin is Turkey's gateway to the world.
The factories and trade firms in Eastern Anatolia, Western Mediterranean and Central Anatolia make import and export via Mersin.
The number of business centers in Mersin, the number of transportation and customs firms is the percentage of this. Mersin Free Zone has an important place in Mersin and country trade with similar features.
When it is constructed, the Metropol Trade Center, which is the longest building of Turkey, has 52 floors and is located in the Mediterranean province.
Shopping centers, which are indispensable for everyday life, increase their investments in Mersin. In 2009, Europe's best selected Forum Shopping Center, Marinavista, Beymen Mall, Carrefour and Kipa Outlat etc. Trade centers are proliferating in Mersin.AIRICA MEDIA MARKT and VATAN COMPUTER Provide competition that meets the metropolis with cheap information materials.
According to 2004 data, approximately 55% of the land area in Mersin is covered with forest and heath land, 35% is arable land, 4% is meadow and pasture, and remaining arable land is settlement area or arable land.
Anamur bananas produced in Mersin are world famous. Industry based on agriculture is developing.
In the center of Mersin, apricot, walnut, cherry, peach and vegetables have been widely produced and in recent years they have started to be produced in tropical fruits and vegetables. Bananas, Citrus fruits, Strawberries, Papaya, Pepino, Pineapple, Coffee are grown in Anamur, Bozyazı, Aydıncık, Silifke and Erdemli districts in Western Mersin.
There are three universities in the city. Two of them are foundation, one is state university. Mersin University, which was named after the city in its name, opened in 1992. Currently, it has 11 faculties and 8 vocational colleges and 20.000 students and is a developing university. Another university in existence is Çağ University in Yenice.
The last university opened is Toros University.
Special Age University
Mersin is an important seaside city of Turkey with 321 km of coastline. Approximately 108 km of the Mersin coast are natural beaches.
Having important historical and touristic places, it has started to announce its name in tourism in recent years.
The Alahan Monastery is home to places of interest in tourism, such as Heaven and Hell, Kizkalesi, Ayas, Yumuktepe, Soli-pompeipolis, Eshab-ı Kehf Cave, Anemurium historical remains, Cleopatra Gate.
Important beaches are Anamur, Kızkalesi, Susanoğlu and AyaĢ.
Tisan, Taşucu, Narlıkuyu and Dana Island are the places that are frequently visited by local tourists.
The popular and interesting plains in plateau tourism are Gözne, Fındıkpınarı, Namrun and Sorgun Yaylaları.
Pope XVI. Benediktus' 2008 Announcement of "Saint Paul Year" has become a frequent place of Christian tourists in Mersin Tarsus province.
The Alahan Monastery in 2008 in the town of Mut and the St.Paul Well and the Monument Museum in the town of Tarsus were listed on the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
With a boiler
Mother's house, Erdemli
Heaven and Hell Pits
The cultural level and cultural studies in the city are extremely complicated. In the province of Mersin, literacy rate is 99%.
Turkey has the fourth state opera and ballet. Mersin State Opera and Ballet exhibitions at Mersin Culture Center.
The city regularly organizes activities such as the Mersin International Mersin Music Festival, the Mersin Turkish Art Music Festival and Mersin International Nevit Kodallı Polychrome Chorus Festival.
Mersin Photo Association (MFD),
Mersin Metropolitan Municipality City Theater,
Icel Art Club,
Mersin Polyphonic Chorus Association,
Mersin Cinema Association (Mersinema) are important cultural and art institutions.