Derinkuyu Underground CityAlthough the exact date is unknown, it is believed that the county is a rather old settlement and probably dates back to 3000 BC. Derinkuyu's former name is Malachy, Melegobia or Melegobia. The first inhabitants of the province extend to the Assyrian period. The arrival of the Turks to the region is based on the Battle of Malazgirt in 1071. The Turks who settled in the region settled in the areas of Çekme, Kızılören, Şemşili and Bölören plains in the east of the county and lived with livestock. Derinkuyu, which is famous for its underground city, is said by the people of the region that there is no housing on earth until the 1830s. The city has taken the name of Derinkuyu because of its need for drinking water 60 - 70 meters deep from the wells. Come to Derinkuyu's invisible face, underground city. Derinkuyu Underground City, which is the biggest underground city in the region, is also very important for tourism.Derinkuyu Underground City General Information The largest of the 36 underground cities in Cappadocia is Derinkuyu Underground City. The city, which has been open for tourism since 1967, has 8 floors and the oldest intellectual hospital in the world is also here. The most important reason why the underground cities in the region are widespread is undoubtedly security. The cities that are formed by the carving, excavation and carving of the easily shaped tuff site of the region are entered through a narrow entrance which is not obvious when viewed from the outside. The floors of the city are connected to each other by inclined or stepped corridors. One of the most striking features of the city is stone masses, which are called tigris, which are like huge stone wheels and used for the protection of underground cities, which are placed behind the doors and which close the doors when necessary. At the time of the danger, the doors were closed with stone wheels and the danger from the outside was easily prevented. In Derinkuyu Underground City you can see residential areas, defense, ventilation, production areas inside. The size of the city is not exactly known, but today it can be seen 8 times in a 2,500 square meter area. (It is thought to be 12 or 13 floors but you can see 8 floors because the cleaning process is not completed). The city, which is thought to be 85 meters in depth, can be brought down to 50 meters deep.Properties of Floors On the first two floors of the underground city there are kitchens, cellars, wine stores and pens. On the third and fourth floors; Living areas, a large church, a conference hall, a school of missionaries, a confessional space and a tunnel. These tunnels are thought to be connected to other underground cities in the region. Especially on the third floor and 9 km long tunnel is thought to be connected to Kaymaklı underground city. 4 people can walk comfortably together in a tunnel of 2 meters in width and 2 meters in height. It is also said to be used for the passage of animals. We can say that the tunnels that we call the oldest metro line of history are made with a really great intelligence. The fourth and further floors of the city were used as shelters. Some rooms are also said to be used as dungeons. In these floors; Water wells, cisterns, tombs, and ventilation chimneys. There are a total of 52 ventilation chimneys.
Fly from Istanbul in the late afternoon or evening depending on available flights to Kayseri or Nevsehir in Cappadocia. When you arrive in Cappadocia, you'll be picked from the airport and drive to hotel in Cappadocia. You are going to stay overnight at hotel. Next day you will join the full day guided Cappadocia day tour as per the itinerary below. We highly recommend you to add hot air balloon flight experiance in this programme.
You will be pick up from Istanbul international airport and your 10 days Christmas & New Year vacation will start. You will visit most known cities of Turkey including 9 nights hotel, domestic flight tickets, guided tours. At the end of the tour, return back to Istanbul international Airport.
With this 10 days honeymoon itinerary you'll fall in love each other again and again. A romantic dinner and show on the Bosphorus, Pamukkale will be your coton castle of love, at Ephesus tour your love will be immortal, and hot air balloon ride in Cappadocia in other words love is in the air.
You will have 10 days Turkey Islamic tour package and it covers Istanbul sightseeing tours, Ephesus & House of Virgin Mary tour, Pamukkale & Hierapolis tour, Konya Mevlana tour and Cappadocia guided tour. Your tour covers airport transfers, domestic flight tickets, hotel accommodations and entrance fees.
You fly from Istanbul to Cappadocia on the first day and visit north of Cappadocia. After the tour, you will stay a night at hotel. Nest day explore the south of Cappadocia and flight back to Istanbul or other destinations in Turkey. This programme is best option for you to discover most known towns in Cappadocia region.
2 Days Private Ankara & Cappadocia Tours Private tour starts from Ankara Esenboga Airport or Ankara Hotels. You will have 2 full days private tour including Ankara and Cappadocia. At the end of the tour, you will be transferred to Cappadocia Kayseri or Nevsehir airport.
Istanbul to Athens tour itinerary is best option to combine history and relaxin vacation in Turkey & Greece. You will visit most famous cities of Turkey and most famous Islands of Greece and sights. You tour programme covers Istanbul, Cappadocia, Antalya, Kas, Fethiye, Pamukkale, Ephesus, Kusadasi, Samos Island, Mykonos Island, Santorini Island, Delphi and Athens.
3 Days Cappadocia package tour is great plan for relax and history from Istanbul. Your package tour covers your return flights, 2 nights hotel, 2 days Cappadocia sightseeing guided tours, 1 hour hot air balloon ride
Pick up from your hotel in Ankara, train or bus station or Ankara Esenboga Airport. You will have 4 days private tour including Ankara and Cappadocia region. Your tour covers private transportation, hotel, private local tourist guide and entrances fees to the sights and museums.
5 Days Turkey Tour covers Ephesus Tour where you will see the best preserved Ancient Ruins, Pamukkale Tour where you will enjoy thermal bath, Cappadocia Tour where you can see the unique natural rock formations and Konya Tour that shows you islamic sights of Turkey such as Mevlana Museum.
7 Days Turkey Christmas holiday covers your hotel accommodations with breakfast, airport transfers, domestic flight to Cappadocia, guided ıstanbul tours, guided Cappadocia tours, lunch on full day tours and all your transportations. You will have relaxing and historical vacation in Turkey.
8 Days Diamond of Turkey Package Tour shows you the all worth to seeing places in Turkey. You will fall in love with Istanbul and feel the history of Cappadocia. Also, you will be impressed amazing Ephesus Ancient City and relax in Thermal Pool in Pamukkale. This Turkey package tour includes, local guides in the areas, all transportation, flight, accommodations and other services.