Hattusa Ancient City
It is the capital of the Hittites during the late Bronze Age. It is located in the town of Boğazkale with its present name 82 km south of Corum province.
Hattusas Ancient City
The city, on the historical scene, was the capital of the Hittite Empire between the 17th and 13th centuries BC. Hattushas was included in the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1986. Hattuşaş is 4 km east of the Boğazkale district in the south-east of the Sungurlu district of Çorum.
City Layers Uncovered in Hattusa
Hattuşas, the capital of the Hittite State, has developed in the field of art and architecture. The word Hattusa comes from the word Hattus, the original additive given by the Hatti people. Hattusa has spread over a very wide area. 5 cultured solids emerged in the excavations. Remains of Hatti, Assyrian, Hittite, Phrygian, Galatian, Roman and Byzantine periods were found in these floors. The castle consists of Lower City, Upper City, Great Castle (King Castle), Yazılıkaya.
In the north part of Hattushas is called "Lower city" and in the south part is called "Upper city". The French archaeologist Charles Texier first discovered the remains of Hattusa. The excavations were initiated in 1893-1894, and after this excavation in 1906, the German Hugo Winckler and the Theodor Makridi from the Istanbul Archaeological Museum had found a large Hittite archive written in the style of a nail. BC in Hattusa III. The settlement has been seen from b. The settlements in this period are usually formed around Büyükkale. B.C. During the 19th and 18th centuries, settlements of Assyrian Trade Colonies were seen in Lower City, and it was first found in the documents of this era in the name of the city. From the resulting inscriptions, Hattusas It turns out that the 18th century was destroyed by Anitta, the king of kings. After this excursion, Hattusas resettled in BC 1700 BC In the 1600s it became the capital of the Hittite State. Its founder is Hattusili I, who is descended from Anastas.
The area called "Yukarisehir" of Hattusa is spread over 1km2 and it has a sloping land shape. It is generally composed of temples and sanctuaries. The Upper City was conquered by a wall that was surrounded from the south. There are 5 doors on this wall. At the highest point of the city is the "Sphinxed Gate" with bastion. On the east and west ends of the southern wall from the other four, there is a mutual "King's Gate" and "Lion's Gate".