Precipitation: 20,723 km²
Population: 1.978.333 (2010)
1,392,974 of this population live in provinces and district centers, 585,359 live in villages.
Geographical Location: Antalya province is a tourism center in the south of Turkey, on the central Mediterranean coast. North; Burdur, Isparta, Konya, east; Karaman, Mersin, west; Muğla has the icons. The south is surrounded by the Mediterranean. The Turkish Riviera The length of the Antalya coast is 630 km.
Antalya, which means "Home of Attalos", II. It was founded by Attalos. The city, which remained independent for a while after the end of the Kingdom of Pergamon (133 BC), later passed into the hands of pirates. B.C. Commander Servilius Isauricus in 77 BC. B.C. At 67, it was the base for Pompeius's navy. The M.S. In 130, Hadrian's visit to Attaleia ensured that the city developed. Attaleia, the name of the episcopal center during the Byzantine sovereignty, showed a great improvement after the Turks had passed away. Since the modern city is built on an ancient settlement, remains of antiquity are rarely encountered in Antalya. The part of the remains that can be seen is part of the harbor nest which is called the old harbor and the harbor surrounds the harbor. The Hadrian's Gate, restored on the outside of the park, is one of Antalya's most beautiful antiquities.
The city of Antalya
and its surroundings were called Pamphylia, which means "very efficient" in antiquity, and Lykia in the west. Milat before VIII. They have migrated here from the west coast of the Aegean Sea since the 19th century; They built cities like Aspendos and Side. II. The King of Bergama, ruling in the mid-century Attalos surrounded Side. It is about 75 km. The king, who could not get to Side in the east, came to the city where the present city center was and set up a city. I was named Attaleia here. Over time, Atalia became an islander. Antalya comes from its name.
Archeological excavations have proven that people live in Antalya and its region 40 thousand years ago today. Milton has been in the region since 2000, respectively; Hittite, Pamphylia, Lykia, Cilicia, and Persia, Alexander the Great and Antigonus, Ptolemais, Selevkos, Bergama Kingdom, which are considered to be the continuation of this. Then the Roman Empire ruled. The ancient name of Antalya was Pamphylia, and the cities established here were especially in the II. And III. The golden age lived in the century. He lost his former glory to the V. century.
The area was under the dominance of the Byzantines
with the name known in Eastern Rome or Turkey and joined the Turkish territory in 1207 by the Seljuks. At the time of the Anatolian Beyliks, Teke Aşiretinin entered the dominance of Hamitoğulları, a line. Teke Turkmens, the old homeland of the Turks, is also one of the largest in Turkmenistan today as the population. XI. A part of the century came here. Today, the north of Antalya and the part of Isparta and Burdur, the Lake District, and the name Teke is the region. At the time of the Ottomans, the center of the Teke Sanjag in Anatolia was the center of Antalya. In those years, he called Teke sancak here. The present name of the province is actually a slightly changed form of the name of the antique age and it was given in the Republican period.
XVII. The famous Ottoman traveler Evliya Çelebi
who came to Antalya in the second half of the century tells that there are four neighborhoods and three thousand houses in the castle and 24 neighborhoods outside the castle. The bazaar of the city is out of the castle. According to Evliya Çelebi, the harbor is big enough to take 200 ships. Antalya, which is the center of Teke Sanjak which is connected to Konya from administrative point of view, became an independent sanjak in the last years of the Ottoman Empire.
Antalya - Kaleiçi
A large part of which has been destroyed and destroyed in the form of a horseshoe, surrounded by inner and outer walls. Walls, Hellenistic, Roman, Byzantine, Seljuk and Ottoman periods are common works. The walls have 80 burcu. There are about 3,000 houses with tiled roofs inside the walls. The characteristic buildings of the houses not only give an idea about the architectural history of Antalya, but also reflect the life style, traditions and customs of the region in the best way. In 1972, Antalya's inner harbor and Kaleiçi district were protected as "SIT zone" by the "Higher Council of Real Estate Ancient Works and Monuments" due to their original texture. Due to the restoration work of "Antalya- Kaleiçi Complex" to the Ministry of Tourism, on 28 April 1984, the Golden Apple Tourism Oscar award was given by FİJET (International Tourism Writers Association). Today, Kaleiçi has become an entertainment center with its hotels, pensions, restaurants and bars.
Old Antalya Houses
: Antalya is very hot in the summers and warm in the winters. In the construction of the old houses, it is very important to prevent the sun and to provide coolness. Shaded rocks and courtyards are features that facilitate airflow. It is built on three floors with entrance and warehouse hall.
: Antalya's first Turkish structure. It is near the port in the center. According to the written text, Anatolian Seljuk Sultan was built during the reign of Allaeddin Keykubat (1219-1236). The body made of bricks consists of eight half cylinders. If there is a mosque at the end of this minaret, it must be demolished. Because the mosque next to Minaren is later due to 1372. It was built by an architect named Tavaşi Balaban at the time of Hamitoğulları, a Turkish principality.
Ulu Mosque: Also known as Kesik Minaret. It was actually built in the V. century as a Basilica. Few of the first works survived and underwent changes during the Byzantine period. The work was repaired in the time of the Ottomans, a part of it was used as a Mevlevihane, and then it was opened as a mosque.
Karatay Madrasa: It is one of the important Turkic Islamic buildings in the city center and is located in XIII. It was built in the middle of the century.
Evdir Han: Until the beginning of the 20th century transportation was provided with horses and pavilions, trade goods were transported with these animals. The caravans were on the roads, the "Han" and the caravanserai. Evdir Khan is one of these. It is on the road from Antalya to the north. Today's Antalya-Korkuteli road 1 km. To the east and 18 km to the city center. Away. The most notable part is the ported arched portal. XIII. It is a Seljuk artifact built in the beginning of the century.
Kırkgöz Han: Antalya - The second stop on the old road to Afyon is Kırkgöz Han. Kırkgöz Han is 30 km from Antalya. Kırkgöz, located in the distance, is located in Pınarbaşı. It's very solid.
: It is about 10 km. This waterfall in the north-east is the natural beauty symbolizing the city. It is poured from a height of 20 meters. The main source is Kırkgöz. Lower Düden Şelâlesi is on the way to Lâra Beach. It is poured into the sea from the cliffs at a height of 40 meters in the southeast of the city center. It is the symbolic beauty of Antalya.
: It is 7 km away from Isparta on the 24th km of the Alanya road east of the city center. Then it can be reached. This natural wonder is also one of the most visited places. The waterfall is like coming out of a fairy tale. It is in a lush deep valley. The whole area can be visited in about a half hour walk. There are a large number of fish inhabited in places where ponds are formed. At the same time, he attracts attention with his rich fauna. Düden, Kurşunlu and Manavgat Waterfalls were used as places in many Turkish films. They can all be easily reached by bus.
Lâra - Konyaaltı Beach: It is 10 km. Lara Beach and Konyaaltı Beach on the western coast of Antalya center are the most beautiful coasts of the city.
: It is 18 km east of Antalya, near Aksu Buca. Cilicia - Pimphylia is an important city because it is located on the Pisidia trade route. The organization coincides with the other cities of Pamphylia (Milat before VII century). Perge was an important city for Christians. St. Paul and Barnabas came to Perge. Some of the rich, like Magna Plancia, have brought important monuments here. In Perge, where the first excavations were initiated by Istanbul University in 1946, Theater, Stadium, Colonnaded Street, City of Agora was found.
It is 27 km. The remains of the Karain Cave within the boundaries of Yağcilar belong to the Paleolithic, Mesolithic, Neolithic and bronze ages. This cave is the place to be seen.
Ariassos: At the 48th kilometer of the Antalya-Burdur motorway, a 1 km. . It is built on the slope of a mountain and is worth seeing in terms of baths, rock tombs. At the beginning of the vassal entering the city of Ariassos, the entrance gate, the most magnificent remains of the city, ascends. This monument, dating from the Roman era, is called the "Three gates" because it has three arcs and therefore three entrances. A striking feature of the city is that it is the remains of necropolis, which is a spectacularly magnificent monumental tomb.
There are two lifestyles inherited in Antalya and its surroundings for centuries. When the Turks came here for the first time, Villages, towns and cities. A part of the population has carried on a prosperous life as it was before the Turks came to Anatolia. According to this way of life, which means semi-established, there are at least 15-20 relatives who are related to each other; They live in hair tents, they go out into the mountains in the summer, and in winter they go down to the hot oval called the winter queen. They grow animals such as camels and sheep, and they spend their time producing and selling the products they produce. They produced meat, milk, fat, hair tents, and natural roots. Even in narrow streets, cereals and vegetables were added. There were even large groups of tribes (tribes, tribes) who brought up horses for the Ottoman army.
Turkish rugs, which embody the most important museums of Europe today, are the hands of these people. A great deal of today's folk music cult is inherited from the colonies. Karacaoğlan and Dadaloglu are the most important poets of Turkish folk poetry and music. You can hear such qualifications in almost every corner of Turkey since you have been living in villages in the countryside and they have called themselves "indigenous peasants". However, even if people emphasize this awareness of life extending to old age, they all have the same root and are Turkish. They do not look at each other differently and see it as a wealth.
Today, Turkey is one of the countries that best adapts to modern modern life, adapting technology to the best. But there are still a few small groups of folklore, which are both nostalgic and cultural values, surviving for thousands of years. The numbers do not exceed a few hundred. In a way, it is only a lifetime of that lifestyle. If you fall in love in the summer months, Belek, Manavgat and Alanya, decorated with bell-shaped rickety tourist tourists will see. That's the history of those days. You will also see the Yörük tents, which serve local and foreign tourists, in Kemer and Kumluca road in Antalya. In these semi-museum tents, you can eat ayran and pancake for Yörük. When the locals of Antalya find the possibility even today, they come out in the summer such as Gömbe, Sütleğen and Alanya. This tradition is a remnant of their ancestors. In some districts like Alanya, you can see that the snow that is hidden in the wells in the Taurus mountains in winter is brought down to the center of the district in August and sold by mobile sellers. This is again only one of the old traditions of Yorukler.
Determines the nutritional basis of the nomads, livestock and nutrients from the wheat. Whether in the coastal strips, the wheat and the dried vegetables gain weight as they go from the inner zone to the younger ones. In Antalya, it is possible to find all the world cuisines in tourist hotels and restaurants. But local specialties of the region are: Scallops, Tandır kebab, Kölle (wheat, beans, chickpeas and beans), Tomato sivesi, Hibes, Arabasi.
: Mediterranean climate is dominant in Antalya, winters are mild and rainy, summers are hot and dry.
Transportation: Road, air and sea transportation are provided. Antalya airport is open to international air traffic.